情緒與姿勢(頭與頸)Emotions&Posture – Head&Neck (英國)

情緒與姿勢(頭與頸)

我們的頭部和焦慮情緒怎樣互為影響?

emotion and posture

頭部的基本移動機制

從一些普遍的現象說起:恐懼、焦慮、壓力和痛苦的狀態,改變我們的呼吸,這是因為生物力學現象,移動了頭部的位置 ( 圖  1 ) 。要理解這現象,我們必須認識到大腦邊緣的系統。當面臨危險時,系統會快速啟動(以百分之一秒)更廣泛的呼吸,使更多氧氣,輸送到肌肉,讓我們可以戰鬥或逃跑(這是哺乳動物一種條件反射)。

為了達到這效果膈肌呼吸(也稱為《腹式呼吸》- 是消化器官前後移動) –  增加時,也觸發胸式呼吸。

這種機制使頭部向上提升,好像在找東西。但大部分時候,很多東西都在我們視線前或下面(例如:路人、電腦屏幕、電子書、手機等),頭部會被一些肌肉拉向前,而不是旋轉頭部,到適當的位置,這是肌肉的位置和強度的結果,看起來就像烏龜的頸和頭 ( 圖  1 ) 。還有其他的因素導致頭向前傾,但不會在這裡深入探討,上文所描述的機制,已對大多數人有很大的影響。

法比奧Sinibaldi -《生活的真諦》創辦人之一和《應用研究部門》主管 – 指出我們的研究要證實,如果處理情緒時,會影響我們的姿勢,如果情緒改善,會使姿勢更符合自然生理的形態。

結論 

這項研究證實了這兩點:1) 情緒影響身體;相反;2) 身體亦影響到情緒。特別值得注意的是,在互相配合的情況下,會有良好的效果:在身體上的干預,對姿勢和心跳有較大的影響,而情緒記錄到身心愉快感知增強。唾液皮質醇亦有類似的影響。

最後一個重要的方面,最初沒有包括在這研究的,但很多參與人士稱,個人信心增強,人際關係更和諧。事實上,如果我們仔細看一個非常自信的姿勢,頭部永遠垂直於肩膀 (圖  2)。頭向前傾,是猶豫的表示(圖  3),與愛德華·諾頓在《搏擊俱樂部》扮演的角色吻合。

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Emotions & Posture (Head & Neck)

How the Position of Our Head and Anxiety Responses Mutually Influence One Another
Posted at 10:32h in Articles, EN @en by adminreal

The Basic Mechanism of the Shifting Movement of Our Head
The starting point is a very well-known and demonstrated phenomenon: states of fear, anxiety, stress and distress, change our breathing and this, as the result of a biomechanic phenomenon shown henceforward, shifts the position of our head. In order to better understand this phenomenon we must consider that our limbic system, when facing a danger, quickly activates (in milliseconds) a more broader breathing. The goal is to bring more oxygen to our muscles, allowing them to fight or flee (it is a reflex we inherited from mammals.)

To do this,
diaphragmatic breathing (also known as “belly breathing,” as every breathing causes our digestive organs to move back and forth) increases, also triggering the thoracic one.

This mechanism leads us to lift our head upwards, as if looking at something. But considering that most of the time we have to look at something lying straight ahead of us or down (other people’s faces, computer monitors, books, phones etc.) some of our muscles will push our head ahead instead of rotating it and bring it to the correct position. That is the result of the position of our muscles and their strength. The effect looks like the neck and head of a turtle. Many other factors can contribute to this forward position of our head. The goal of this article is not to deepen this part. Suffice to know the mechanism we just described has a strong impact on most people.

In our research, as Fabio Sinibaldi (one of the founders of Real Way of Life and in charge of the applied research department) points out, we wanted to verify if a work on emotions could influence our posture and on the other hand if emotional responses improved putting our posture in more physiological conditions.

Conclusions

This study confirmed both approaches: from emotions to body and, vice versa, from body to emotions. In particular, it is useful to observe that a coherence of action is found in both cases and with good results: the intervention on the body has a bigger effect on posture and heartbeat, whilst the one on emotions records a bigger effect on perceived wellbeing. Salivary cortisol is influenced in similar ways.

One last important aspect, which was not initially considered in this study but was reported by many participants, is about self perception of personal confidence and a better comfort in interpersonal relationships. In fact, if we take a careful look at the posture of very self confident people, their head is always well straight above their shoulders, while a head leaning forward is always a sign of uncertainty, as the above image clearly shows, perfectly aligned with the character played by Edward Norton in the motion picture Fight Club.

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